Garrets and Pretenders: A History of Bohemianism in America In this book, Albert Parry traces the literary Bohemian movements in the United States. Parry cites Poe as the founding spirit of Bohemianism in America and cites the group at Pfaff's in New York as the first American literary Bohemian movement. Parry engages in a detailed history of Pfaff's and also relates and compares later Bohemian movements to the activities of this foundational group.