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Recommended Reading

Whitman among the Bohemians was edited by Joanna Levin and Edward Whitley and published by the University of Iowa Press in 2014. It contains essays on Walt Whitman's transition from a Brooklyn journalist to a Manhattan bohemian (by Karen Karbiener), the promotion of Whitman's poetry in The New York Saturday Press (by Amanda Gailey), Henry Clapp's philosophy of literary publishing (by Ingrid Satelmajer), the Saturday Press and the antebellum literary marketplace (by Leif Eckstrom), Ada Clare's feminism (by Joanna Levin), the Saturday Press theater critics (by Edward Whitley), parodies and promotions of Whitman in Vanity Fair (by Robert Scholnick), the artists and illustrators who frequented Pfaff's (by Ruth Bohan), the reception of the 1860 Leaves of Grass (by Logan Esdale), the Fred Gray Association and Whitman's Calamus poems (by Stephanie Blalock), the poetry of Adah Isaacs Menken (by Eliza Richards), and the legacy of bohemianism on poetry anthologist Edmund Clarence Stedman (by Mary Loeffelholz). Whitman among the Bohemians is part of the Iowa Whitman Series, which is edited by Ed Folsom.

Rebel Souls: Walt Whitman and America's First Bohemians was written by Justin Martin and published by Da Capo Press in 2014. It is a group biography of the Pfaff's bohemians from the mid-1850s until just after the end of the Civil War.

Bohemia in America, 1858-1920 was written by Joanna Levin and published by Stanford University Press in 2009. It is a literary history of bohemianism in the United States beginning with the Pfaff's bohemians and extending into the first part of the twentieth century.

The Antebellum Crisis and America’s First Bohemians was written by Mark Lause and published by Kent State University Press in 2009. It is a history of the antebellum social radicals who joined with the writers and artists at Pfaff's. 

International Bohemia: Scenes of Nineteenth-Century Life was written by Daniel Cottom and published by the University of Pennsylvania Press in 2013. It is a literary history of the various bohemian communities that arose in Europe and the United States throughout the nineteenth century.

Walt Whitman and the Civil War: America’s Poet during the Lost Years of 1860-1862 was written by Ted Genoways and published by the University of California Press in 2009. It tells the story of Walt Whitman's life during a three-year period that includes much of his time at Pfaff's. 

Bohemians: A Graphic History was edited by Paul Buhle and David Berger and published by Verso in 2014. It contains illustrated vignettes about a variety of bohemian writers and artists throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including Ada Clare and Walt Whitman.